To add to these three, the Mexicas (people of the Aztec Empire) ate chillies, tomatoes, limes, cashews, potatoes, sweet potatoes, peanuts, and of course chocolate. There was a highly symbolic significance to this meal. Of course, maize and beans are still a cornerstone of the Mexican diet, a healthy combination especially if you're not eating a lot of meat. What did they eat? They ground the maize into flour to make tortillas. Aztec food also included beans and squash. The Aztecs were traditionally a vegetarian peoples because their diet depended heavily on agricultural produce. It was a representation of the duality of life, beginning (the Aztec believed themselves to be the people of the corn) and end (death as the final product). Perhaps due to their cozy qualities, Xolos did gain popularity as the Aztec empire expanded trade routes and even more so once colonialism began the globalization of the New World. Commoners were prohibited this sacred version of pozole. Aztec Food Facts. Photograph: Unknown/ Archivo Iconografico, S.A./CORBIS Aztecs under attack: Hernán Cortés, with 200 Spaniards and 5,000 Indians defeats a larger Aztec force in 1520. Other important staples were beans and squash. Those who did not attend this school went to cuicacalli, a junior military academy, which would give them more skills in the important art of war. The main staple of the Aztec diet was maize (similar to corn). What did the average person eat? Aztec children who attended this school would later on become priests or government officials and leaders. The Aztecs themselves did not grow cacao beans and so imported them, insisting that everywhere that could grow them, pay a tribute to them in cacao beans. Besides these three main staples the Aztecs ate a variety of foods including insects, fish, honey, dogs, and snakes. Aztec boys started their education at 15 years old at the calmecac. Basic Aztec facts: AZTEC FOODS Without animals like cows, sheep and goats, the Mexica (Aztec) diet was mainly veg, fruit and grains. Making cheese requires producing milk in volume. This is why the Aztecs specialised in many innovations in agriculture, such as the floating gardens of Tenochtitlan. The Aztecs (really the Mexica) had no cows, sheep, or goats as sources of milk in quantity. Did you know? The diners were typically the highest level priests and the emperor. The Aztec language, Nahuatl, was the dominant language in central Mexico by the mid-1350s. "In Aztec times most Mexicans breakfasted long after they had begun the day, stopping only at about 10 a.m. for a bowl of maize porridge flavoured with honey or capsicums, which sustained them until the main meal taken in the early afternoon, when it … Aztecs ( really the what did the aztecs eat ) had no cows, sheep, or as! Sources of milk in quantity Aztecs ate a variety of foods including insects,,... 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