0000002174 00000 n Developmental and reproductive toxicity: Ingredients linked to developmental and reproductive toxicity, a broad class of health effects that range from infertility and reproductive organ cancers to birth defects and developmental delays in children. The substance is irritating to the skin and eyes. 0000001328 00000 n Allergens in Hair Dye Series* para-Phenylenediamine (4-phenylenediamine) 1% pet: para-Toluenediamine sulfate (toluene-2,5-diamine sulfate) 1% pet SCCP/1124/07 Opinion on hydroxyethyl-p-phenylenediamine sulfate 5 1. Semi-permanent and permanent hair colourings usually use either p-Phenylenediamine (PPD) or Toluene-2,5 Diamine Sulfate to activate the colouring pigments. PPD allergy can cause severe reactions and may result in complications. Applies to phenylephrine: intravenous solution. 0000004865 00000 n 0000004610 00000 n Studies used for the determination of acute toxicity of TOLUENE-2,5-DIAMINE: Conversion Factor between the free base and the sulphate salt: The toxic potential of both forms of 2 Toluene-2,5-diamine is attributable to the free base component. * Breathing p-Phenylenediaminecan irritate the nose, throat and lungs causing coughing, wheezing and/or shortness of breath. Will be sharing. 0000001687 00000 n 0000002677 00000 n Cipla USA Inc., Miami, FL. Short-term exposure of PPD can result in skin and eye irritation, and asthma – and more serious impacts like vertigo, convulsions, and coma. It is mainly used as a component of engineering polymers and composites like kevlar.It is also an ingredient in hair dyes and is occasionally used as a substitute for henna Mutat. 0000003282 00000 n Last updated on Dec 8, 2019. Medically reviewed by Drugs.com. 0000010821 00000 n Available for Android and iOS devices. 0 �'�^m�k��۪~�I ��ɬ��*� � EC Number 203-404-7. MDL number MFCD00007901. �a��Z7����*��kq%+��Үc������5��5��j���h�M�~:C[bۮ����0��O7���A�13�C�Z��2A����۷S��ܰ��8�y>�e�a�9!63��~t�J.5��;�y�;��z�t��Uќ�� Acute oral toxicity studies showed effects on red blood cells (methemoglobin and Heinz body fromation) at or above 25 mg/kg, a dose much larger than those resulting from the use of hair dyes containing this ingredient. It may also cause asthma or breathing difficulties. Allergies & immunotoxicity . %PDF-1.5 %���� Sections I (Health Hazard Assessments for Noncarcinogenic Effects) and PubChem Substance ID 329761716. There are several known side effects of p-Phenylenediamine. Medical observation is indicated. 0000004166 00000 n 0000000831 00000 n pain in the shoulders, arms, jaw, or neck, pain or discomfort in chest, upper stomach, or throat. Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances. Data sources include IBM Watson Micromedex (updated 7 Dec 2020), Cerner Multum™ (updated 4 Dec 2020), ASHP (updated 3 Dec 2020) and others. Not able to sleep. Some natural hair colour fomulas do contain PPD, but at reduced levels. Coll. 0000003206 00000 n The CIR Expert Panel evaluated data on N-Phenyl-p-Phenylenediamine and its hydrochloride and sulfate salts. These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the medicine. m-Phenylenediamine and m-Phenylenediamine Sulfate The Panel agreed that the reproductive toxicity and carcinogenicity studies on an epoxy resin hardener mixture containing m-Phenylenediamine should be deleted from the report text, because the results could not be interpreted in terms of the effects of m-Phenylenediamine alone. Check with your health care professional if any of the following side effects continue or are bothersome or if you have any questions about them: Applies to phenylephrine: compounding powder, injectable solution, intravenous solution, oral disintegrating strip, oral liquid, oral suspension extended release, oral tablet, oral tablet chewable, oral tablet chewable extended release, oral tablet disintegrating, Frequency not reported: Bradycardia, AV block, ventricular extrasystoles, myocardial ischemia, hypertensive crisis[Ref], Frequency not reported: Headache, paresthesia, tremor[Ref], Frequency not reported: Pulmonary edema, rales[Ref], Frequency not reported: Nervousness, excitability[Ref], Frequency not reported: Nausea, vomiting[Ref], Frequency not reported: Extravasation[Ref], Frequency not reported: Sulfite sensitivity[Ref], Frequency not reported: Diaphoresis, pallor, piloerection, skin blanching, skin necrosis with extravasation[Ref]. p-Phenylenediamine sublimed, ≥99% Synonym: 1,4-Benzenediamine, 1,4-Diaminobenzene, 1,4-Phenylenediamine CAS Number 106-50-3. Table 1. Feeling sleepy. Cancer . 0000006564 00000 n 0000002960 00000 n p-Phenylenediamine, p-Phenylenediamine HCl and p-Phenylenediamine Sulfate are used in permanent hair coloring systems where color is produced inside the hair fiber. 0000001111 00000 n endstream endobj 28 0 obj<. It is isomeric with o-Phenylenediamine ().Which means that they share an identical chemical formula, C 6 H 4 (NH 2) 2, but have different structures.. 2 thoughts on “What You Need to Know about Para-Phenylenediamine (PPD)” Colleen Garland says: September 12, 2017 at 6:08 pm Great article. Neck swelling, respiratory distress, and widespread muscle pain were most common symptoms; oliguria, chest pain, palpitation, presyncope/syncope, pain in the abdomen, dysphagia, and nausea and vomiting were other common symptoms. xref Oxidative hair dyes and dark henna temporary tattoos contain PPD. Additionally, a report (08/2007) from leading chemical company DuPont, regarding … The following acute (short-term) health effects may occur immediately or shortly after exposure to p- Phenylenediamine: * Contact can severely irritate and burn the skin and eyes with possible eye damage. 0000002643 00000 n 0000007488 00000 n %%EOF 0000001248 00000 n Safety & Documentation. Rebecca Chou says: September 14, 2017 at 7:09 am Thanks! 0000005717 00000 n 1 Due to overwhelming patient morbidity, loss of school and work time and significant expenditures for healthcare visits and medicaments, ACD represents a high economic burden. Both PPD and OPD have very similar properties when looking at how they affect us and … Visit the FDA MedWatch website or call 1-800-FDA-1088. 0000009218 00000 n Although not all of these side effects may occur, if they do occur they may need medical attention. Along with its needed effects, phenylephrine may cause some unwanted effects. It may cause irritation in the skin and eyes. m-Phenylenediamine; CASRN 108-45-2 Human health assessment information on a chemical substance is included in the IRIS database only after a comprehensive review of toxicity data, as outlined in the . It is important that you familiarize yourself with this chemical and take steps to avoid coming in contact with it. Beilstein/REAXYS Number 742029 . Drugs.com provides accurate and independent information on more than 24,000 prescription drugs, over-the-counter medicines and natural products. N,N-Diethyl-p-phenylenediamine sulfate salt has been used to prepare N,N-diethyl-p-phenylenediamine (DPD) solution, which is commonly used as a chromogenic indicator for the determination of free and total chlorine by titrimetric, colorimetric and spectroscopic methods.{50. You may report them to the FDA. Linear Formula C 6 H 4 (NH 2) 2. Subscribe to Drugs.com newsletters for the latest medication news, new drug approvals, alerts and updates. The opinions expressed in WebMD Communities are solely those of the User, who may or may not have medical or scientific training. 1992; 11:521–530. They state that Toluene-2,5-Diamine and Toluene-2,5-Diamine Sulfate are safe for use as permanent hair color dye ingredients: Phenylephrine vs Pseudoephedrine - What's the difference between them? These opinions do not represent the opinions of WebMD. The effects may be delayed. Applies to phenylephrine: intravenous solutionAlong with its needed effects, phenylephrine may cause some unwanted effects. Res. Eczematoid contact dermatitis may result from chronic (long-term) exposure in humans. 1. Molecular Weight 108.14 . 0000008371 00000 n All drugs may cause side effects. On the opposite side of the dilemma is the conclusion on use of these permanent hair color ingredients by the Cosmetic Ingredient Review (CIR) Expert Panel. trailer Willis L. Final report on the safety assessment of 2-chloro-p-phenylenediamine and 2-chloro-p-phenylenediamine sulfate. image source: PubChem. Now I'm about 5 percent gray on the The Scientific Committee on Cosmetology (SCC) adopted at its 46th plenary meeting of 19 February 1991 an opinion with the conclusion that: Endocrine disruptors are substances that can tinker with hormones, and that can result in harmful health effects. Prolonged or repeated exposure to this chemical may cause damage to body organs. Individuals may be sensitized to PPD by temporary henna tattooing in addition to dyeing their hair. zq&�6��[�ʮ���@�� Feeling nervous and excitable. Also, your health care professional may be able to tell you about ways to prevent or reduce some of these side effects. Am. However, many people have no side effects or only have minor side effects. startxref "Product Information. Other brands: Sudafed PE Congestion, Neo-Synephrine, Sudogest PE, Biorphen, ... +4 more, metoprolol, atenolol, diltiazem, amiodarone, hydrocortisone, dexamethasone, methylprednisolone, verapamil, epinephrine topical, epinephrine. 1989; 227:135–145. NACRES NA.22 BACKGROUND Submission I for Hydroxyethyl-p-phenylenediamine sulphate was submitted in February 1989 by COLIPA1, 2. Toxicol. 0000000016 00000 n We comply with the HONcode standard for trustworthy health information -, Benadryl Dosage Charts (Infants & Children). I take a shower and wash my hair daily. Cause allergic reactions including redness, rashes, sores, burning sensations, itching and headaches. You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA. N-PHENYL-P-PHENYLENEDIAMINE. Phenylephrine Hydrochloride (phenylephrine)." P-Phenylenediamine, also known as paraphenylenediamine, p-Phenylenediamine (PPD), 4-aminoaniline, and 1 4 diaminobenzene, is an aromatic diamine.. Watanabe T, Hirayama T, Fukui S. Phenazine derivatives as the mutagenic reaction product from o- or m-phenylenediamine derivatives with hydrogen peroxide. PPD allergy may be suspected clinically and is confirmed by patch testing.Patients having a clear history of allergy to hair dye or black henna tattoos are best tested with a lower 0.3% PPD concentration than in the baseline series of allergens, to avoid a severe blistering patch test reaction.. 0000014342 00000 n Other HIGH concerns: Contamination concerns; Other LOW concerns: Data gaps, Ecotoxicology, Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive) m-Phenylenediamine sulfate | C6H10N2O4S | CID 10942 - structure, chemical names, physical and chemical properties, classification, patents, literature, biological activities, safety/hazards/toxicity information, supplier lists, and more. 0000001507 00000 n Some side effects may not be reported. There are two methods of patch testing. P-Phenylenediamine is also extremely toxic to the aquatic environment. 0000013490 00000 n How is paraphenylenediamine allergy diagnosed? I use the product 2 to 4 times a week and use regular shampoo in between. Health Concerns of the Ingredient: Overall Hazard . Acute (short-term) exposure to high levels of p-phenylenediamine may cause severe dermatitis, eye irritation and tearing, asthma, gastritis, renal failure, vertigo, tremors, convulsions, and coma in humans. J. Ingestion could cause effects on the blood. Be a possible carcinogen after oxidation, linked to increasing the occurrence of various forms of cancer such as: non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, Multiple myeloma, Breast Cancer, Leukemia, Bladder Cancer. <<023ccb0ef4e99347b01558a22cd07302>]>> IRIS assessment development process. A Look at Para-phenylenediamine Allergic contact dermatitis (ACD) affects over 14.5 million Americans each year, notably defining itself as an important widespread disease. 27 26 Para-phenylenediamine (PPD) is the commonest and most well-known component of hair dyes. Get information on 1,3-Phenylenediamine Sulfate, including ratings and reviews on ingredients, possible toxins, carcinogens, and more. However, having too much phenylalanine in the mother's system during pregnancy can increase the chances of birth defects. This material is provided for educational purposes only and is not intended for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Call your doctor or get medical help if any of these side effects or any other side effects bother you or do not go away: Dizziness. I was 90% gray. Use restrictions . HYDROXYETHYL-p-PHENYLENEDIAMINE SULFATE (H-033) Your patch testing results indicate that you have a contact allergy to HYDROXYETHYL-p-PHENYLENEDIAMINE SULFATE . 27 0 obj<> endobj The acute oral toxicity of Toluene-2, 5-diamine was determined following OECD Guideline 401 (Acute Oral Toxicity) The study was designed to determine acute oral LD50 of Toluene-2, 5-diamine in 0.05% aqueous sodium sulphite vehicle when dosed to group of rats by oral gavage. The easiest way to lookup drug information, identify pills, check interactions and set up your own personal medication records. Developmental & reproductive toxicity . 0000002721 00000 n Although not all of these side effects may occur, if they do occur they may need medical attention.Check with your doctor or nurse immediately if any of the following side effects occur while taking phenylephrine: Although they work in more or less the same way, PPD is a more aggressive ingredient. 30 0 obj<>stream Phenethylamine is similar to the drug amphetamine, and may cause similar side effects, such as rapid heart rate, anxiety, or agitation. This may result in the formation of methaemoglobin. How to Avoid This Ingredient This is accomplished through careful formulation of the product so that the ingredients interact in a highly controlled process. Check with your doctor or nurse immediately if any of the following side effects occur while taking phenylephrine: Get emergency help immediately if any of the following symptoms of overdose occur while taking phenylephrine: Use these dosage charts for infants and children under 12 years old: Some side effects of phenylephrine may occur that usually do not need medical attention. If you are allergic, you’ll probably experience symptoms such as those mentioned above (rash, swelling), and you may also experience blisters and sores on the scalp, wheezing, hives, itching, and dermatitis on the forehead, eyelids or ears. P-phenylenediamine has demonstrated some endocrine-disrupting capabilities. It is known to be toxic if swallowed and if inhaled. p-Phenylenediamine (PPD) is an organic compound with the formula C 6 H 4 (NH 2) 2.This derivative of aniline is a white solid, but samples can darken due to air oxidation. 0000010113 00000 n