s. For information on production and management of eggplant, refer to the New England Vegetable Management Guide and click on "eggplant". The five largest shell egg-producing states are home to approximately 46 percent of all laying hens in the U.S., and the top 10 states comprise 65% of egg production. About 41.2 million pounds of the fruit were grown on 4,600 acres. 49. pp. Eggplant Picture & Sound, located downtown in the heart of Toronto’s production community, is one of Canada’s leading Post Production facilities offering best-in-class talent, creativity and state … We are looking for passionate runners and walkers to join Team EGGPLANT for 2017. THE BENEFITS. California produces 19 percent of U.S. eggplant with harvests from April through December. Active Ingredient lb a.i./Acre Trade Name Product/Acre MOA Code Weeds Controlled/Remarks Labels change frequently. Eggplant Production. (Not all prohibited bases apply to all programs.) Production yields vary around the country with producers averaging approximately 25,000 pounds per acre. Partially Funded by USDA Rural Development. Solanum melongena is grown worldwide for its edible fruit. See Table 16: Handling Produce for Higher Quality and Longer Market Life, Eggplants are traditionally packed in bushel, bushel 1/9 and 1/2 bushel, depending on the market preference. They are actually a perennial, but most people treat them as annuals because they are not frost tolerant. In all cases, Cry1Ac has a long hi… This practice results in 120 farmed acres per year with 9 acres of eggplant production. Fornaris, G.J.. 2016. Eggplant is a cold-sensitive vegetable that requires a long warm season for best yields. There are many varieties of pink and striped eggplant types available from many different seed companies. Wisconsin was the top cranberry producer in the United States in 2019, at 4.67 million barrels, followed by Massachusetts with 2.16 million barrels of cranberries in that year. In 2018, China had the highest eggplant production throughout the Asia Pacific region, in which over 34.1 million eggplants were produced. See, Table 16: Handling Produce for Higher Quality and Longer Market Life. varieties for ethnic groups in the United States. Eggplant is used in several recipes, sometimes as a replacement for meat, and where it is stewed (guisado in Spanish), such as berenjena guisado (eggplant stew). Of the Flaim’s 400 acres spread across east Vineland, about 50 are devoted to the crop. The delicate plant has a spiny stem. The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) prohibits discrimination in all its programs and activities on the basis of race, color, national origin, gender, religion, age, disability, political beliefs, sexual orientation, and marital or family status. The majority of eggplant production is located in southern New Jersey in the counties of Gloucester, Cumberland, Salem and Atlantic. U.S. According to the USDA’s Census of Agriculture, 92 Granite State farms were growing eggplant to sell fresh to consumers in 2017, an increase from 55 farms in 2012. Good light levels are needed for good fruit production. (Mendonca et. The eggplant (Solanum melongena), commonly known as brinjal, is the fourth most widely grown vegetable in India, and a significant export crop (Government of India, 2009). The flower of the eggplant is white to purple and bears yellow stamens and a five-lobed corolla. It is labor-intensive, especially for harvest and post-harvest handling and packaging. Production generally increased from 1990 to 2007, same with area except in 1998 (Figure 1). The eggplant is a tropical perennial plant cultivated as a half-hardy annual in temperate climates. At a tradeshow in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic, a striped variety for export was found (Figure 7), along with bottled smoked eggplant, most likely for the domestic market or for the Latino market in the US given that the label is in Spanish  (Figure 8). Yield followed a pattern similar to production until 1999 when it barely moved. Variety . A field trial was conducted to study the cost benefit and performance of eggplant as influenced by goat and pig manure at the Teaching and Research Farm of Lagos State Polytechnic, Ikorodu, Nigeria. Egg production is a significant contributor to the economy and employment in several states. Peaches: $27.3M. States with a small number of growers survey all known commercial producers of vegetable commodities. The Best Eggplant to Plant. Color China and India are t he major growing countries with 60% a nd 25% o f the total Production is mainly for the wholesale fresh market trade for shipment to the eastern United States and Canada depending on the time of year. As always, it is recommended to trial multiple varieties the first time growing a new crop type to see how they perform on your farm and system. Thomas Jefferson was growing both varieties in 1812! New Jersey is the second largest U.S. pro- ducer with harvests from July through October. (212) 419-8286 Eggplant is a widely grown specialty vegetable in the United States, however, there are less than 7,000 acres in eggplant production annually. A replicated research trial at the UMass Research Farm in 2005, the variety 'Zebra' (Figure 9), a striped eggplant type found in latino markets, yielded 25,000 lbs/A. Eggplant is usually served in a cooked state rather than fresh. As the same genus and species, Solanum melongena, as traditional eggplant varieties grown in the Northeastern United States, similar row spacing and fertility is recommended for Dominican eggplant varieties. This report is based on a 60 acre farm, of which 100% is double cropped. Bensulide 5.0–6.0 Eggplant is a specialty vegetable crop grown in the United States. Land in this study is leased on a cash rent basis at $225 per acre per year for the entire 60 acres. Eggplant is the country’s top ranking vegetable in terms of value production. Mendonca, Raquel U. de, M. Moreira, F. Mangan, and M. Moreira. U.S. per capita consumption of eggplant was approximately 0.8 pounds in 2015 (ERS 2016). Estación Experimental Agrícola. A native of the tropics, eggplant are warm-season plants that are more vulnerable to cold temperatures than tomatoes. Eggplant Production 3 Table 8.3. But, guess what? States with a large number of producers contact a sample of the growers to get production data. The Vegetable surveys collect data in the major producing states for each respective commodity. Vol. info@worldcrops.org, This site is maintained by UMass Center for Agriculture, Food and the Environment, Optimum storage temperature for eggplant is 50 F° and relative humidity between 90 – 95%. Rental contracts and charges for land suitable for eggplant production can range widely. From winter 2007 to winter 2009, Florida’s average national market share for eggplants was 24%. That year, US eggplant production was valued at $42.5 million, and Georgia, Florida, California, New Jersey, and New York were the top five producers. 2006. Poorly drained soils usually result in reduced functional root area, poor plant growth and low yields. For example, late season production of leafy greens, which tolerate cooler temperatures and reduced day length, can extend your market season and increase revenue and profitability. Business and Economic Concepts and Principles, Opportunities for Value-added Agriculture, Renewable Energy - Related Websites and News Sources, Ethanol - Related Websites and News Sources, Biodiesel - Related Websites and News Sources, Feedstocks - Related Websites and News Sources, Energy Efficiency - Related Websites and News Sources, Value-Added Grants Help Dairy Family Realize A Dream, Value-Added Grant Jumpstarts a Minnesota Creamery, Value-Added Grant Helps Iowa Creamery Expand, Value-Added Grant Helps Missouri Farm Focus on Quality Products, 2016 National Value Added Agriculture Conference, 2017 National Value Added Agriculture Conference, Vegetables, Potatoes, and Melons Harvested for Sale: 2007 and 2012 Census of Agriculture, (NASS, USDA, 2013. Many materials can be made available in alternative formats for ADA clients. New: Enterprise Budget for Vegetables, Iowa State University Farm Food and Enterprise Development, Chicago Terminal Market Prices (USDA AMS), Vegetables, Potatoes, and Melons Harvested for Sale: 2007 and 2012 Census of Agriculture, (NASS, USDA, 2013). Eggplant is originally from what is now India and spread throughout the world, arriving in the New World with European colonization. This is a list of countries by eggplant (aubergine) production in 2016 and 2017, based on … In the Caribbean and parts of Central America, the preference is for varieties that are light purple or pink, sometimes with white striations (Figure 1). The eggplant grows 40 to 150 cm tall and possesses large leaves which are 5 to 10 cm in width and 10 to 20 cm in length. With an implanted su rface of 1.8 million of ha, eggplant world production is 46.6 million Ton (FA OSTA T, 20 1 4). Production yields vary around the country with producers averaging approximately 25,000 pounds per acre. Publicación 165. Calling all EGGPLANT Events fans! A large selection of varieties makes eggplants available in several colors (for example, purplish black, red, white and variegated) and shapes (for example, egg-shaped, elongated and round). It bores initially into young shoots and later into the fruits. 2006. Eggplant is a widely grown specialty vegetable in the United States, however, there are less than 7,000 acres in eggplant production annually. Dark purple or black eggplant varieties, found in traditional markets in the US, are not common in Puerto Rico (Fornaris, 2016; see references below). Production of brinjal is significantly affected by heavy infestation of a fruit borer pest, Leucinodes orbonalis. Eggplant (US, Australia, New Zealand, anglophone Canada), aubergine (UK, Ireland, Quebec) or brinjal (South Asia, South Africa) is a plant species in the nightshade family Solanaceae. Based on most recent production and price averages, the estimated gross value per acre is approximately $17,500. Evaluation of eggplant (Solanum spp.) (See Figure 1 above). To file a complaint of discrimination, write USDA, Office of Civil Rights, Room 326-W, Whitten Building, 14th and Independence Avenue, SW, Washington, DC 20250-9410 or call 202-720-5964. al., 2006; see references). Site selection can be important if early eggplant production is required. Be sure to read a current product label before applying any chemical. It often comes as a surprise to people that New Jersey is a major player in eggplant production: last year it ranked second in the nation, doing $5.2 million in sales across 800 acres of production. Extending the season four or more weeks earlier in the spring and six or more weeks in the fall creates production opportunities in a high tunnel that field production may not. Peaches were the No. Optimum storage temperature for eggplant is 50 F° and relative humidity between 90 – 95%. The cry1Ac gene is widely used in Bt cotton and the protein is a component of many organic biopesticides. The glossy, purple fruit is egg-shaped and the flesh is white and meaty. An estimated 142 million pounds of eggplants were grown in the United States in 2015 (ERS 2016). Conjunto Tecnológico para producción de berenjena: Variedades y selección. s. For information on production and management of eggplant, refer to the New England Vegetable Management Guide and click on "eggplant".. A replicated research trial at the UMass … It is commonly found in markets in Puerto Rico (Figure 3), Dominican Republic (Figure 4) and Cuba (Figure 5). With enough artificial light, fruit can be produced through otherwise low light periods. Soft, s… Eggplant are members of the same plant family as tomatoes and peppers (Solanaceae family) and cultural practices employed in eggplant production are similar to those crops. Across the state, there are 849 acres earmarked for eggplant, the Census of Agriculture reported. Try our corporate solution for free! For early production, select sites with a … All rights reserved. It is grown in around 7 thousand acres in the United States with a total production of 142 million pounds (AgMRC, 2017). 5 Garden State crop at $27,295,000. Eggplant, Solanum melongena L., is one of the most economically important vegetable crops in the Philippines currently valued at PhP3.44 billion (BAS, 2008). Nutritionally, eggplant is low in fat, protein, and carbohydrates. Universidad de Puerto Rico Recinto Universitario de Mayagüez Colegio de Ciencias Agrícolas. Eggplant (Solanum melongena L.) is a member of the family Solanaceae and is botanically related to tomato, pepper and potato. Within the Penn State Tree Fruit Production Guide are budgets for tree fruit production. Eggplant Parmesan is what many people think of when they consider eating eggplant at a meal. Well-drained, sandy loam soils are ideal for eggplant production. There are smaller production areas in Monmouth and Burlington counties. In the Latino trade in the Northeastern United States, this type of eggplant is "Dominican eggplant" (berenjena dominicana in Spanish) (Figure1, Figure 2). http://www.eea.uprm.edu/wp-content/uploads/sites/17/2016/03/BERENJENA-Va... UMass Center for Agriculture, Food and the Environment. Nearly 200 years ago, in 1825, two varieties of eggplant – white and purple – were being listed in multiple seed catalogs in the eastern United States. The names, words, symbols, and graphics representing Iowa State University are trademarks and copyrights of the university, protected by trademark and copyright laws of the U.S. and other countries. It is grown in 18, 000ha all over the country, but major producers are Ilocos (29%), Central Luzon (14%) and Southern Tagalog (13%) Production Management . 38-39, ©2020 World Crops All Rights Reserved. The Daily Record always seems like the kind of paper that uses email forwards as primary sources. Herbicides approved for managing weeds in eggplant. There are many more sizes, shapes and colors of eggplant varieties than the familiar large purple eggplant found in most supermarkets. The India-based Maharashtra Hybrid Seed Company (Mahyco) used a Bacillus thuringiensis cry1Ac gene to transform brinjal to be resistant to EFSB (Shelton et al., 2017). Eggplant. Team EGGPLANT Program Details. Interestingly enough, seed catalogs originally suggested that white eggplant be grown for ornamental purposes only. © 2020 Ag Marketing Resource Center. Some of these varieties, which are also pinkish, can also be found in Dominican Domestic markets (Figure 6), but not so much in Latino markets in the Northeastern United States, where the more traditional type of berenjena dominicana is found. Eggplants are native to India and China but were introduced to southern Europe and the Mediterranean region by Arabic traders.BotanyEggplants produce a bushy, vigorous plant with large leaves, woody stems and attractive flowers. About 98 percent of the eggplant grown in the U.S. is produced for the fresh market, with the remainder used for processed products such as frozen entrees and specialty dips and appetizers (Outlook 2012). Eggplants are slightly larger plants than … New Jersey ranks fourth in peach production in the U.S. Prices for eggplant vary depending on the type and season. As the same genus and species, Solanum melongena, as traditional eggplant varieties grown in the Northeastern United States, similar row spacing and fertility is recommended for Dominican eggplant varieties. Florida is the largest U.S. producer of eggplant, provid- ing more than 30 percent of the U.S. crop. Proceedings of the InterAmercian Society for Tropical Horticulture. As an official member of Team EGGPLANT, you will receive: Eggplant Events Race Discounts; Eggplant Events Racing Bling; FREE Entry to two Eggplant Racing Events – one Spring and one Fall Most commercial varieties in the U.S. are purplish black in color and usually oval or teardrop in shape. Varieties . Florida has year-round production except in August and September. Mayo 2006. http://www.eea.uprm.edu/wp-content/uploads/sites/17/2016/03/BERENJENA-Va... Viewed on April 26, 16. When considering planting an orchard or removing an existing block and replanting, you may use the budget tools to calculate your potential costs. 5. Another common OP type in 2006 was called rayada (striped in Spanish). The culture of eggplant is similar to that of bell pepper, with transplants being set in the garden after all danger of frost is past. Less commonly produced varieties include Asian eggplants, which tend to be long and slender, and baby, or miniature, eggplants. The costs of production of eggplant vary depending the production location. It contains relatively low amounts of numerous vitamins and minerals, such as B1, B6, folate, copper, manganese, potassium and one cup of the skin and flesh provides approximately 10 percent of the daily value of fiber. You may also use these tools to calculate your production … The Dominican Republic produces many fresh products for the growing ethnic trade in the United States, including crops popular among Asians, which includes types of eggplant varieties for Asian markets. An estimated 142 million pounds of eggplants were grown in the United States in 2015 (ERS 2016). In Puerto Rico, one OP variety used is called rosita (Pink in Spanish), and was considered the most commonly used OP variety in Puerto Rico in 2006. A 1/9 bushel box (16-18 eggplant per box) was selling for approximately $14.00 in March 2017 (USDA AMS). 1 year ago. The variety 'Zebra' that was evaluated at the UMass Research Farm in 2005 does not seem to be available as of 2016. Production Statistics . Eggplant for sale at a wholesale market in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic in 2005. Click here for more on the local economic impact of eggs. (Photo by Frank Mangan). Early production of crops before the beginning of average market season not only strengthens your customer base, but the early crops typically comman… Connecticut is the major producer of eggplant in the New England region with 87 farms growing eggplant in183 acres in 2012 (USDA, 2018). Egg Production by State. 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Are budgets for Tree fruit production are budgets for Tree fruit production be sure to read current. Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic in 2005 does not seem to be long slender. Common OP type in 2006 was called rayada ( striped in Spanish ) s. for on! Jersey ranks fourth in peach production in the U.S Spanish ) box ( 16-18 eggplant per box ) selling! Produces 19 percent of the Flaim ’ s 400 acres spread across east,! Editors on October 26, 2018 - 4:51pm – 95 % price averages, the gross. Are looking for passionate runners and walkers to join Team eggplant for 2017 a cooked State rather than.! Is significantly affected by heavy infestation of a fruit borer pest, Leucinodes orbonalis drained usually! Bears yellow stamens and a five-lobed corolla ( aubergine ) production in 2016 and 2017 based!